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The Cell Factory

1) Main Office : Nucleus
2) Machines : Ribosomes
3) Assembly Line : Endoplasmic Reticulum
4) Storage : Vacuoles
5) Shipping : Golgi Apparatus

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 11

A Culture of Patient Safety

1) define homeostasis : -Environment total of all internal and external conditions and influences -Adaptation attempts to maintain homeostasis
2) gives some examples of hazards in the community : -Falls -Carbon Monoxide -Fires -Drowning -Choking -Poisoning -Motor Vehicle Accidents (MVA) -Firearms -Industrial Accidents -Domestic Violence
3) what are some fall causes : -INTRINSIC FACTORS: Orthostatic hypotension Meds Impaired gait or balance Neuropathy Incontinence/urgency Vision Impairment UTI Confusion -EXTRINSIC FACTORS: Unsafe Environment (stairs)
4) How to evaluate a fall : SPLATT: -Symptom at time of fall -Prior history of falls -Location of fall -Activity at time of fall -Time of the fall -Trauma post-fall
5) Describe how to prevent falls : -Risk Assessment -Bed Alert system -Call Bell -Bed in Low Position -Lock Bed and Chairs -Remove Clutter -Non-Skid Footwear -Items in Reach -Toileting

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 15

Activity and Mobility

1) what are some examples of promoting : -Cardiovascular Evaluation for High Risk Patients -Incorporate activity into daily routine -Personalize exercise plan -Maintain Hydration -Prevent Heat-Related Illness
2) what are some examples of problems that limit mobility : -Deformity (Scoliosis, Kyphosis) -Arthritis -Fractures -Sprains/Strains -CNS Problems (Stroke, Head Injury, Spinal Cord Injury)1
3) consequences of immobility : -Orthostatic Hypotension -Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) -Atelectasis (fluid in lungs) -Pneumonia -Constipation -Renal Calculi (kidney stones) -Pressure Ulcers -Loss of muscle mass and tone -Osteoporosis -Contractures -Psychosocial Consequences (depression)
4) how to handle orthostatic hypotension : -Assess BP prior to transfer -Sit up/ dangle feet prior to transfer -Return to bed if dizzy
5) describe how to assess and prevent VTE (venous thromboembolism) : -Assessment: Unilateral edema, erythema, pain Hypoxia, tachycardia, dyspnea, pleuritic pain -Prevention: Early mobilization Leg exercises SCDs/TEDs

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 6

Effective Pain Management

1) What is pain? : subjective experience--> what the pt says it is
2) What are some consequences of unrelieved pain? : -Decline in function -Compromised respiratory function -Complications of immobility -Depression -Increased agitation and confusion -Legal liability
3) Barriers to effective pain management : -Physicians under-prescribe -Nurses under-medicate -Patients don’t report pain or cannot afford or even refuse medications -Fear of addiction -Fear of respiratory depression -Not believing patients -Failure to be a patient advocate -Disparities in management based on ethnicity
4) define tolerance : After repeated dosing with an opioid, a given dose loses its effectiveness. Seen first as decreased duration of effect, then decreased analgesia. (Involuntary behavior based on physiological changes. Does NOT mean patient is addicted!)
5) define dependence : After repeated administration of an opioid, withdrawal symptoms occur if the drug is abruptly stopped. (Involuntary behavior based on physiologic changes. Does NOT mean patient is addicted.)

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 22

French and Indian war

1) compare and contrast the seven years' war with the French and Indian war : both were wars that involved fighting between the French and the British. the French and Indian war took place in north America and did not last as long as the seven years war. the seven years war was fought in Europe and other parts of the world and lasted 3 years longer.in both cases, the French lost to the British. the treaty of Paris ended both wars
2) analyze the alliances between the Europeans and the native Americans before and during the French and Indian war : the Huron and Algonquin people of the great lakes were allied with the French. Iroquois were allied with the English. alliance between Europeans and native Americans led to their involvement in each others wars
3) ________________ was ambushed by the French and their north American allies on his way to fort Duquesne. : general Braddock
4) explain the significance of the treaty of Paris (1763) on France, Spain, and England : the treaty ended French power in north America. Spain received back Cuba and the Philippines in exchange for Florida. Britain claimed all of north America east of the Mississippi river.
5) analyze the causes and effects of the French and Indian war : before the war both the French and the British hinted and trapped in the Ohio river valley. as the 2 began to come in contact with each other the Virginia governor sent George Washington to tell the French to leave. they refused resulting in a war which became a struggle in north America between 2 empires which fought elsewhere (Europe as well). eventually the English won and the French lost their holdings in north America. England controlled all the territory east of the Mississippi river.

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 10

Respiratory

1) Describe the lungs : -diffusion of gas takes place in alveoli -covered by membrane called pleura -primary organs of respiratory system
2) Describe ventilation : movement of air between atmosphere and aveoli
3) define inspiration : -Diaphragm and intercostal muscles contract -Active process
4) define expiration : -Lung pressure increases, forcing air out into atmosphere -Passive
5) describe gas exchange : -Diffusion of oxygen from alveoli into pulmonary circulation -Release of carbon dioxide from circulation into alveoli -Carbon dioxide is by-product of cellular metabolism

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 19

Vocabulary
Advanced ELA Vocabulary Set #5
1) Advent : the coming of something
2) Advocacy : the act of pleading for, supporting, or recommending; active espousal
3) Astute : 1. of keen penetration or discernment; sagacious: 2. clever; cunning; ingenious; shrewd
4) Bauble : 1. a showy, usually cheap, ornament; trinket; gewgaw. 2. a jester's scepter.
5) Belligerent : 1. warlike; given to waging war. 2. of warlike character; aggressively hostile; bellicose 3. waging war; engaged in war 4. pertaining to war or to those engaged in war

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 10

Flashcard Set (10/1/2014)

1) Samuel Tilden : Coporate Lawyer
2) Charles Sumner : Redical from mass
3) William Seward : Sec of State
4) Edwin Stanton : Sec of War
5) Gironimo : Aggressive leader

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 6

SS Chp 5 Study Guide- Industrial Age

1) Assembly Line : A system with machines and workers arranged so that each person performs an assigned task again and again as items pass before him or her. (Made it easier to make mass products faster).
2) Mass Production : The production of large quantities of goods using machinery and often an assembly line.
3) Monopolies : Total control of a type of industry by one person or one company.
4) Sweatshops : A shop or factory where workers work long hours at low wages under unhealthy conditions.
5) Patent : Government authority or license conferring a right or title for a set period, especially the sole right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention.

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 20

Dr. Greenberg Addiction Disorders and Treatment

1) T or F: Faith based programs have higher success rates than secular : F but most programs continue to be faith-based
2) What is step 2 of AA program? : belief that a power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity
3) What did the moral failing model suggest about addiction? : people who suffered from it are deficient in character, uncaring, and self-centered
4) What does the disease model say about addiction? : it is an irreversible and progressive process that results in altered brain structure and functioning
5) What is the definition of recovery under the disease model? : developing and maintaining complete abstinence from the drug

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 19

Dr. Gu Addiction

1) What are the psychological components of drug addiction? : rewarding, reinforcing, withdrawal, and not necessarily physical dependence
2) What is physical dependence? : need to continue a drug to avoid withdrawal
3) How can drugs lead to physical dependence but not addiction? : if repeated use of drugs are not BOTH rewarding and reinforcing
4) What is drug addiction? : complex brain disease characterized by compulsive and uncontrollable drug craving, seeking, and use that persist even in the face of extremely negative consequences
5) What are the 5 main features of drug addiction? : sensitization, tolerance, withdrawal, relapse, and dependence

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 17

Dr. Dagam Schizophrenia

1) What are the 3 symptoms that at least 1 must be present in order to be diagnosed with schizophrenia? : delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized speech
2) How many symptoms must be present for a significant portion of time during a 1 month period in order to be diagnosed with schizophrenia? : 2 symptoms must be present and one of them must either be delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech
3) What are other symptoms of schizophrenia? : disorganized behavior and negative symptoms AKA symptoms that should be there but aren't
4) How long must symptoms last to maintain a diagnosis of schizophrenia? : 6 months with 1 month of symptoms including either delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech
5) What other disorders must be ruled out before diagnosing schizophrenia? : schizoaffective disorder, depressive disorder, bipolar, drug abuse or other medical condition

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 17

Anxiety, Depression, and Somatic Distress

1) What is the difference between illness and disease? : illness is subjective while disease is objective based on pathology
2) What are the 3 main factors of the biomedical model? : illness is explained by pathology, disease causes illness, and health is dichtomous
3) According to the biomedical model, why could MUS be problematic? : MUS are considered self-caused, attention seeking, illegitimate; example is anxiety and depression
4) What are functional somatic symptoms? : refer to change in function rather than structure, redefines the symptom, but sidesteps cause of issue
5) What are MUS? : neutral term insinuating doctor doesn't know what's wrong

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 20

Basic Depression

1) What is the difference between unipolar and bipolar depression? : unipolar is stable, depressed pattern but bipolar is stable, depressed, manic,
2) Which 2 systems are important in mood disorders? : Serotonin and Norepinephrine
3) How are NE and dopamine broken down? : MAO and COMT
4) What are the 4 monoaminergic theories? : DIRI: drugs enhancing noradrenergic functioning were antidepressants, iproniazid (treats TB), reserpine (early antihypertensive), imipramine (antipsychotic),
5) How is serotonin related to major depression? : serotonin uptake low, fewer serotonin transporter sites, lots of abnormalities

Created on October 01, 2014
# of questions: 18

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